Mean Ionization Energy (Potential) of Complex Materials
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -

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Mean ionization energy (potential) of complex materials can be estimated. For instance, the mean ionization energy of PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate, C5H8O2) is about 65.6 eV [1].

 

[1] R. Hawryluk, A. Hawryluk, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 45 (1974) 2551.

 

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