Structure Factor F_{hkl}  Practical Electron Microscopy and Database   An Online Book  

Microanalysis  EM Book https://www.globalsino.com/EM/  


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For crystals, the scattering density of electron scattering, Xray scattering, or neutron scattering can be given by the Fourier series, The Fourier transform of Equation 1845a gives the structure factor from the scattering density, In the XRD and electron diffraction analyses of a Hf crystal (a crystal with Hf elements), assuming that x % of Hf is randomly substituted by atom A, the structure factor F_{hkl} of the (h k l) reflection is then given by  [1845c]where,


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