TEM Contrast/fringes at Interface/edge between Two Materials
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


Fresnel diffraction occurs at the interface between two materials with different densities. At underfocus a bright halo presents outside the area of greater density, while at overfocus a dark fringe appears there.

Fresnel fringes are produced along the edges of TEM objects when the objects are out of focus under a coherent illumination. For instance, the edge between the carbon film and vacuum, or the aperture edges in the TEM present such fringes.



The book author (Yougui Liao) welcomes your comments, suggestions, and corrections, please click here for submission. You can click How to Cite This Book to cite this book. If you let Yougui Liao know once you have cited this book, the brief information of your publication will appear on the “Times Cited” page.

Copyright (C) 2006 GlobalSino, All Rights Reserved