Hitachi Advanced Research Laboratory & its EMs
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  

This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


The practical application of electron holography to various materials has been pioneered by some research groups, for instance, by one group at the Hitachi Advanced Research Laboratory in Japan [1]. Figure 2602a shows the most powerful TEM ever made, which is Hitachi 3 MeV.

Hitachi 3 MeV: the most powerful TEM ever made

Figure 2602a. Hitachi 3 MeV: the most powerful TEM ever made.

Most modern scanning electron microscopes (SEMs) can record surface morphology but does not provide atomic resolution. The first atomic resolution, Hitachi aberration-corrected electron microscope, HD-2700C (page4444) was installed at Brookhaven National Laboratory [2].






[1] Tonomura, A. Electron Holography (Springer, 1999).
[2] Y. Zhu, H. Inada, K. Nakamura, and J. Wall, Imaging single atoms using secondary electrons with an aberration-corrected electron microscope, Nature Materials, 8 (2009) 808. 



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