Electron microscopy
Chlorine (Cl)
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -
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This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


As listed in Table 3216, substances with large bonding energies usually have high melting temperatures.

Table 3216. Bonding energies and melting temperatures of van der Waals bonding-type substances.

Bonding type

Bonding energy
Melting point (°C)
kJ/mol kcal/mol eV/Atom, Ion, or Molecule
van der Waals
Typical value 0.1-10      
Ar 7.7 1.8 0.08 -189
Cl2 31 7.4 0.32 -101



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