Macroscopic and Microscopic Fields in EM Imaging Systems
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  

This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


In EM imaging systems, the fields can be categorized by macroscopic and microscopic fields. Macroscopic fields are produced by macroscopic elements, including the solenoids, magnetic multipoles or by the voltages applied to conducting devices, for example cylinders or apertures. Microscopic fields are the atomic fields within solid or biological objects.




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