Sample Thickness Dependence of TEM Image Intensity/Contrast
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
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This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


In TEM observations, the non-linear components of the image intensity increase with specimen thickness.

High voltage TEM (transmission electron microscopy) has several advantages. The most important advantages are: i) The observation of internal structures in thick specimens at good image intensities and ii) The high spatial resolution.

The TEM contrast decreases as the specimen thickness increases. For instance, the 1-nm He (helium) bubble in palladium tritides becomes hardly detectable when the thickness reaches 12 nm. [1] Moreover, the contrast is also affected by the position of the bubble in the specimen thickness. It increases when the bubble locates close to the lower surface of the specimen.





[1] S. Thiébaut, B. Décamps, J. M. Pénisson, B. Limacher, A. Percheron Guégan, TEM study of the aging of palladium-based alloys during tritium storage, Journal of Nuclear Materials 277 (2000) 217-225.






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