VO2, V2O3, V6O13, and several Magnéli phase (VnO2n-1)
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VO2, V2O3, V6O13, and several Magnéli phase (VnO2n-1) undergo metal-insulator transition (MIT) with a change of temperature [1, 2], mostly accompanying with crystal structure changes at the transition.

Space group
Temperature (K)
Vanadium dioxide
P42/mnm [3]
Above 340 K
Vanadium dioxide
P21/c [4]
Below 340 K



[1] S.-Y. Li, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, Thermochromism of VO2 Nanoparticles: Calculated Optical Properties and Applications to Energy Efficient Windows, MRS Proceedings 1315 (2011) mrsf10-1315-mm07-07
[2] S.-Y. Li, G.A. Niklasson, and C.G. Granqvist, Thermochromic fenestration with VO2-based materials: Three challenges and how they can be met, Thin Solid Films (2011), doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2011.10.053.
[3] Luo Zhen-Fei, Wu Zhi-Ming, Xu Xiang-Dong, Wang Tao, and Jiang Ya-Dong, Study of nanocrystalline VO2 thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering and post-oxidation, Chinese Physics B 19 (2010) 106103.
[4] N. Rama and M.S. Ramachandra Rao, Synthesis and study of electrical and magnetic properties of vanadium oxide micro and nanosized rods grown using pulsed laser deposition technique, Solid State Communications 150 (2010) 1041.



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