Mean Ionization Energy (Potential) of Complex Materials
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers. How to Cite This Book



Mean ionization energy (potential) of complex materials can be estimated. For instance, the mean ionization energy of PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate, C5H8O2) is about 65.6 eV [1].


[1] R. Hawryluk, A. Hawryluk, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 45 (1974) 2551.



The book author (Dr. Liao) welcomes your comments, suggestions, and corrections, please click here for submission.

Copyright (C) 2006 GlobalSino, All Rights Reserved