Energy of Secondary Electrons
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers. How to Cite This Book



SEs (secondary electrons) are considered to be generated mainly through interactions between energetic electrons of the primary beam and weakly bound conduction-band electrons in metals, or outer-shell valence electrons in semiconductors and insulators. The average energy of secondary electrons (SEs) is less than 50 eV and mostly SEs have energies of about 3 to 5 eV.



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