Pearson Correlation Coefficient/Pearson's r/Correlation Coefficient  Python for Integrated Circuits   An Online Book  

Python for Integrated Circuits http://www.globalsino.com/ICs/  


Chapter/Index: Introduction  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  Appendix  
================================================================================= The Pearson Correlation Coefficient, often denoted as Pearson's r or simply the correlation coefficient, is a statistical measure that quantifies the linear relationship between two continuous variables. It assesses the degree to which two variables are related in a linear manner, meaning that it measures how well the relationship between the variables can be described by a straight line. One the other hand, a pvalue is a statistical measure used in hypothesis testing to determine the strength of evidence against a null hypothesis. Some key characteristics of the Pearson Correlation Coefficient are:
The formula for calculating Pearson's correlation coefficient between two variables X and Y is as follows: r = (Σ((X  μX) * (Y  μY))) / (nX * nY * σX * σY)  [3920a]
Where:
The Pearson Correlation Coefficient is widely used in statistics, data analysis, and machine learning to understand relationships between variables, perform feature selection, and assess the strength and direction of associations between two continuous variables. Python cheatsheet for calculating the Pearson Correlation Coefficient:
============================================ The script below loads data from multiple folders, calculates Pearson Correlation Coefficients between data in FolderOne and data in other folders for each file pair, finds the best linear correlation for each folder, and computes the overall correlation for each folder. Code: ============================================ Calculate the Pearson correlation coefficient and pvalue after Filtering out elements with missing data. Code: Case 1: Case 2: Input: Case 3: Input: Case 4: Input: Note, this script creates a new list filtered_data by zipping list1 and list2 together and filtering out pairs where either x or y is an empty string (""). Then, it unpacks the filtered pairs back into separate lists filtered_list1 and filtered_list2. The Pearson correlation coefficient is then calculated using these filtered lists. ============================================ Few outliers can affect the Pearson analysis significantly. Code: Case 1: with few outliers (There are 100 "normal" datapoints): Case 1: without outliers: ============================================ Calculate Pearson correlation between the last column and all other columns (except the first column). Code:
In addtion, a subset of dataframe can be extracted under conditions. For instance, this script first calculate Pearson correlation between the last column and all other columns (except the first column), then a subset, which include columns where the Pearson correlation with the last column is greater than 0.5, along with the last column itself, will be created. ============================================


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