Dopant Energy Levels in Crystalline Silicon
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -

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This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.
 

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Figure 2777 shows the energy levels (also called ionization energies) of the main impurities in crystalline silicon (Si). The donor-like energy levels are indicated in green, and most of them are above the midgap and their values are given with respect to Ec. The acceptor-like energy levels are indicated in red, and most of them are below midgap and their values are given with respect to Ev. The elements which have both donor-like and acceptor-like energy levels are marked in blue.

Ionization energy / dopant energy levels of impurities in Crystalline Silicon

Figure 2777. The energy levels (also called ionization energies) of the main impurities in crystalline silicon (Si).

 

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