Displacement Energy for Atoms in Bulk and
at Sample Surface due to Electron Irradiation
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -

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The displacement energy (Ed) for atoms in conducting bulk due to electron irradiation is from 10 to 50 eV. Table 4411 shows Ed of some materials.

Table 4411. Displacement energy (Ed) of some materials.

Material
Ed (eV)
Al: Aluminum
17 [1]
Au: Gold
34 [1]
C: Graphite
30 [1]
C: Diamond
80 [1]
Cu: Copper
20 [1]
 

 

[1] Hobbs, L. W., 1987. Radiation effects in analysis by TEM. In: Hren, J. J., Goldstein, J. I., Joy, D. C. (Eds.), Introduction to Analytical Electron Microscopy, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 399–445.

 

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