Commercial and Non-Commercial Semiconducting Laser Diodes (LDs)
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  

This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


All the commercial semiconducting light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) are currently made of III-V compound thin films produced by the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) technique. These III-V compounds can be grouped into the families of the antimonides, arsenides, phosphides and nitrides. The first three have mainly a cubic lattice structure, while the nitrides have a hexagonal lattice structure.




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