Incommensurate Composite Crystals
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  

This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


In general, composite structures are essentially combinations of two or more structures. The incommensurate composite crystals are formed by two or more interpenetrating periodic structures (also called subsystems). The basic structures of these subsystems are mutually incommensurate. The interactions between the subsystems affect the periodicity of these subsystems, which make all subsystems modulated. The incommensurate composite structures therefore can be considered as the intergrowth of two or more incommensurately modulated structures.

The incommensurate composite structures consists of misfit layer structures, intergrowth compounds, Vernier structures and chimney-ladder structures [1 - 3]. For instance, the general formula A1-pCr2X4-p (A =ˆ Ba, Sr, Eu, Pb, X = ˆS, Se) [1 - 3] represents an unusual average structure formed by the intergrowth of three different substructures that are mutually incommensurate along one direction.




[1] Hyde, B.G., Andersson, S., 1989. Inorganic Crystal Structures. Wiley, New York.
[2] Yamamoto, A., 1993. Crystallography of quasiperiodic crystals. Acta Cryst. A 52, 509 - 560.
[3] Yamamoto, A., 1996. Determination of composite crystal structures and superspace groups. Acta Cryst. A 49, 831 - 846.




The book author (Dr. Liao) welcomes your comments, suggestions, and corrections, please click here for submission. You can click How to Cite This Book to cite this book. If you let Dr. Liao know once you have cited this book, the brief information of your publication will appear on the “Times Cited” page.

Copyright (C) 2006 GlobalSino, All Rights Reserved