Simulation of Electron Optics for EMs
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers. You can click How to Cite This Book to cite this book. Please let Dr. Liao know once you have cited this book so that the brief information of your publication can appear on the “Times Cited” page. This appearance can also help advertise your publication.



Analytical equations of electron optics could describe general properties of an optical component but normally could not suggest any optimum dimension. For a very long time, theory had been just theory and design of instrument had been another thing until a numerical magnetic field calculation by the finite element method [1] was achieved (FEM).



[1] Munro E (1973) Computer-aided design of electron lenses by the finite element method. In: Image Processing and Computer-aided Design in Electron Optics, ed. Hawkes P W, pp. 284-323, (Academic Press, London).



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