Responding Time of Phonon Emission for Electron Irradiation
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers. How to Cite This Book



Once holes (lack of electrons) are created by primary electron excitations at the initial electronic levels, in a very short time (< 10-15 s), these holes can be filled by electrons occupying higher levels in the energy diagram, resulting in various emissions: photon and phonon as well as Auger electron emissions.



The book author (Dr. Liao) welcomes your comments, suggestions, and corrections, please click here for submission.

Copyright (C) 2006 GlobalSino, All Rights Reserved