Displacement Energy for Atoms in Bulk and
at Sample Surface due to Electron Irradiation
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -



This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers. How to Cite This Book



The displacement energy (Ed) for atoms in conducting bulk due to electron irradiation is from 10 to 50 eV. Table 4411 shows Ed of some materials.

Table 4411. Displacement energy (Ed) of some materials.

Ed (eV)
Al: Aluminum
17 [1]
Au: Gold
34 [1]
C: Graphite
30 [1]
C: Diamond
80 [1]
Cu: Copper
20 [1]


[1] Hobbs, L. W., 1987. Radiation effects in analysis by TEM. In: Hren, J. J., Goldstein, J. I., Joy, D. C. (Eds.), Introduction to Analytical Electron Microscopy, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 399–445.



The book author (Dr. Liao) welcomes your comments, suggestions, and corrections, please click here for submission.

Copyright (C) 2006 GlobalSino, All Rights Reserved