Ion Irradiation Dose
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.



The dose from ion irradiation in ion/cm2 can be calculated by,

             Ion Irradiation Dose ------------------- [4504]

where t is the time of the exposure in seconds, IB is the ion beam current at the sample in nA, and A is the area scanned in µm2.



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