Electron microscopy
Difference of Binding Energies in Amorphous and Crystalline Phases
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It was suggested that the binding energies of Al 2p (74.10 eV) and O 1s (530.70 eV) peaks were lowered by 0.4 eV and 0.5 eV, respectively, after annealing because of a phase transition from an amorphous phase to the γ -Al2O3 phase. [1, 2]







[1] Moulder J F, Stickle W F, Sobol P E and Bomben K D 1995 Handbook of X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy ed J Chastain and R C King Jr (Eden Prairie: Physical Electronics, Inc.)
[2] Yoshitake M, Song W, Libra J, Masek K, Sutara F, Matolin V and Prince K C 2008 J. Appl. Phys. 103 033707.




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