Astigmatism Corrections of Condenser and Objective
Lenses in TEM for Magnetic Materials
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Figure 1917 presents the procedure of coma-free alignment, and astigmatism corrections of condenser (CL) and objective (OL) lenses for a magnetic material (jet-polished pure iron). Before those alignment and corrections, the TEM was well aligned at a sample edge consisting of thin and amorphous oxide. Both strong CL and OL astigmatisms were induced by the iron sample due to a change of the magnetic field in the region of the condenser-objective lenses and thus, both the caustic curve and the beam image (white strip) in it are elliptical as shown in Figure 1917 (a). Furthermore, the non-centered direct electron beam indicates the presence of coma aberration. Figure 1917 (b) shows the coma-free alignment was first done by centering the direct electron beam in the caustic image through beam tilt controls. Figure 1917 (c) shows the CL astigmatism was corrected by rounding the direct beam image with in the caustic image through condenser lens stigmators. At this stage the caustic curve was still elliptical due to OL astigmatism. Figure 1917 (d) shows the OL astigmatism was corrected by rounding the caustic curve through OL stigmators.

The procedure of coma-free alignment, and astigmatism corrections of condenser (CL) and objective (CL) lenses for a magnetic material (jet-polished pure iron)

Figure 1917. The procedure of coma-free alignment, and astigmatism corrections of condenser (CL) and objective (OL) lenses for a magnetic material (jet-polished pure iron): (a) Before the coma-free alignment and astigmatism corrections, (b) After coma-free alignment, (c) After the correction of CL astigmatism, and (d) After the correction of OL astigmatism. [1]

 

 

[1] Q. Xing, T. A. Lograsso, A rapid method to correct objective lens astigmatism in a TEM, Ultramicroscopy 109 (2009) 287–290.

 

 

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