Biological TEM Specimen
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.



In weak phase case, the specimen is much thinner than the mean free path for all the inelastic scattering processes. Many biological TEM specimens practically satisfy this criterion at thicknesses < 50 nm, but the specimens containing heavier atoms need to be much thinner than 50 nm. In general, thin biological, frozen-hydrated specimens can be modeled as weak phase objects.




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