Electron microscopy
Remanent Polarization in Ferroelectrics
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Figure 1802 shows a typical hysteresis loop of ferroelectrics.

typical dielectric hysteresis loop

Figure 1802. A typical dielectric hysteresis loop (Ec: coercive field; Ps: spontaneous polarization; and Pr: remanent polarization).

Fatigue in ferroelectrics is a type of degradation phenomena in ferroelectric materials and is defined as the change of ferroelectric properties (e.g. the remanent polarization becomes small) with load cycles, including polarization reversals.



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