Development History of Silicon Drift Detectors (SDDs)
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Table 2528. The detailed development history of silicon drift detectors.

Date
Name/organization
Milestone
1949
Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley in Bell Telephone Laboratories
Invention of the bipolar junction transistor [2]
1949
McKay
Used point contact rectifiers on germanium to build a crystal counter [3]
Early 1950s
Single crystals became available
Until the end of 1970s

 

Nearly all silicon detectors were lithium-drifted detectors [4].

1970s
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2009: Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. Smith
About a novel semiconductor device concept — the Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) [5]
Early 1980s
Nuclear detector development
1982
Emilio Gatti and Pavel Rehak (Brookhaven National Lab)
Had the genial idea to develop a semiconductor drift chamber
1983
Emilio Gatti and Pavel Rehak
Presented the first experimental results related to their silicon drift chamber
1984
Emilio Gatti and Pavel Rehak
Published a paper with their first experimental results related to the silicon drift chamber [1]
1995
Rontec (now Bruker) in cooperation with MPI and Ketek
Introduce EDS and XRF SDD detectors
1997
Photon Imaging (now Seiko)
Introduce XRF SDD detector
2000-2007
All major EDS companies
Apply SDD technology to electron beam instruments
2004
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Peak and resolution stability
2006
Bruker AXS
Quad 10 mm2 detector
2006
Thermo Fisher Scientific
30 mm2 SDD
2007
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Good low-energy (Be-K) performance
2008
Oxford Instruments
80 mm2 SDD

 

 

[1] E. Gatti, P. Rehak, Semiconductor Drift Chamber - An Application of a Novel Charge Transport Scheme, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 225, 1984, pp. 608-614.
[2] M. Riordan, L. Hoddeson, in: Crystal Fire: The Invention of the Transistor and the Birth of the Information Age, Norton, 1997.
[3] K. G. McKay, Phys. Rev. 76 (1949) 1537. 
[4] J. T. Walton, H. A. Sommer, D. E. Greiner, F. S. Bieser, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-25 (1978) 391. 
[5] http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2009/index.html. 

 

 

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