Electron microscopy
Cooling Rate of Materials with Various Techniques 
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -
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This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.


Table 3041 lists the cooling rates of materials or melts with various techniques. The highest achievable cooling rate is based on laser quenching technique. However, this method is limited to small droplets corresponding to the spot size of highly intense laser beam.

Table 3041. Cooling rates of materials with various techniques. 

Cooling rate (K/s)


10-4 - 102

Melt spinning

103 - 105

Gun quenching

104 - 106

Splat quenching

104 - 106

Vapor quenching

105 - 109

Laser quenching

103 - 1010





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