Responding Time of Photon Emission for Electron Irradiation
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -

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This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers. How to Cite This Book

 

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Once holes (lack of electrons) are created by primary electron excitations at the initial electronic levels, in a very short time (< 10-15 s), these holes can be filled by electrons occupying higher levels in the energy diagram, resulting in various emissions: photon and phonon as well as Auger electron emissions.

 

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