Cost of EMs and Related Systems
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -  


This book (Practical Electron Microscopy and Database) is a reference for TEM and SEM students, operators, engineers, technicians, managers, and researchers.



Considering commercial equipments, the prices of various EMs differs widely. In general, the costs of the instrument and maintenance are roughly in proportion to the maximum operating voltage of the same type of EMs. For instance, lower voltage TEMs have the advantage of reducing overall cost. Table 4380 lists the ranges of the prices of some tools or functions.

Table 4380. Ranges of the prices of some tools or functions.



FIB milling

$ 0.5~2 million

e-beam writer

$ 2.5~6 million
Laser writer
$ 0.5~1 million
$ 1~4 million: E.g. $ 1 million for a JEOL 1200EXII, a Philips EM10, or a Hitachi 7000, and $ 4 million for a JEOL ARM 200F

In general, FIB milling cost is about $300/hour, including the labor expense.



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