Atom Vibration Induced by Electron Irradiation
- Practical Electron Microscopy and Database -
- An Online Book -

http://www.globalsino.com/EM/  



 

 

=================================================================================

Under electron irradiation, almost all materials undergo the displacement of atoms above a specific energy threshold. Electrons with energies smaller than this critical displacement energy only make the sample atom vibrate in its site and dissipate energy as phonons.

 

=================================================================================